A source of potential harm to persons or potential damage to property.


An evaluation or review of information relating to regulated work, product or equipment. Key BCSA activities in assessment are:

as-found hazard

A condition found by safety officers during physical assessments, investigations, or audits of regulated work, product, equipment, or safety systems where intrinsic hazards are not suitably controlled.

intrinsic hazard
Hazards that relate to the basic nature of materials or energy present.

alternative safety approach (ASA)

A performance-based approach to achieving compliance with the Safety Standards Act, which allows owners or operators of regulated product or equipment to meet safety objectives in ways other than those prescribed by the regulations.

  • Equivalent standards approach (ESA): A limited-scope alternative safety approach that applies to a limited aspect of an installation or operation.
  • Safety management plan (SMP): A broad-scope alternative safety approach that may include the safety of all regulated product or equipment and regulated work at an entire facility.